Wilmette Illinois History
This church was named one of the seven wonders of the world by the Illinois Bureau of Tourism in 2007. Located in the historic city of Wilmette, Illinois, south of Chicago, it receives over 300,000 visitors each year. Located on the south side of the city near the intersection of South Main Street and State Street, this church has been designated "one of seven miracles" by the Illinois State Tourism Office.
The people we call Indians today have been present in northern Illinois since about 1600 AD. In the 1850s, Illinois had about 1,000 to 2,500 people, mostly Native Americans, living west of the Mississippi River, according to the Department of Natural Resources.
After the Potawatomi immigrated to the region in the mid-1660s, they populated the forests of Illinois along the shores of Lake Michigan with settlements. The Indians settled in Illinois and Indiana, with the exception of the Marquette and Joliet tribes, who retreated to Lake Michigan. When I drive down the tree - the shady street in front of my house on the west side of Chicago - I have time to look over the front lawn and reflect on the history of the area, from the first settlers to those who landed in Marquettes to Jolie. After the exhibition, the houses were shipped to Beverly Shores, Indiana, where they now form a historic district, on Lake Wisconsin, and then to Michigan for exhibit.
Native Americans used the vast waters of Lake Michigan to travel long distances, hunting, fishing and fishing along its shores for centuries. The Skokie Lagoons, known to the Indians as the "Great Marshland," provided an important habitat for wildlife until artificial lagoons were dug in the 1930s.
This was also true of Evanston, where trails along the glacier ridge served to bring people to the area and connect the growing trade communities. Three commuter trains were running from Wilmette to Chicago, the Chicago North West and North Shore, and two of them were passing through Wil Mette on their way from Chicago.
In the 1860s, Chicago and the North Western Railroad agreed to build a line from Chicago to Waukegan on the west side of the lake to Milwaukee and St. Paul. Five years later, they connected Milwaukee Road to the North Shore Line, and the Northwestern Elevated Electric Railroad replaced the CM-St Paul Line, making it the country's first electric rail line. The Chicago-Milwaukee Electric Railway Company extended the C - NW line, which ran east along Greenleaf Avenue, east to Green Leaf Avenue, and then west through Wilmette, Wausau and Milwaukee, connecting to its own line on Milwaukee Avenue. In 1899, it reached the northern end of Wil Mette and joined the Wisconsin Road Line to Chicago.
The scholarship, later known as the Ouilmette Reservation, covered a wooded area on Lake Michigan and was bounded by what is now Greenleaf Avenue, Green Leaf Road, Milwaukee Avenue and Green Leaf Street.
The ridge, known to the early settlers as the Dutch Ridge, ran south on the highlands where the centre of Winnetka is located today. The lower ridge, which runs along the coast south of what is now Wilmette Harbor, is known to the earliest settlers as the "Dutch Ridge" and was inhabited by Wasbebe, where it ascended in the early days to the ridge known as the West Ridge in Evanston, near what is now Ridge Avenue.
The Skokie Lagoons of today were once a vast swamp nestled between the ridges of the old Chicago Lake.
When Father Marquette explored the southern end of Lake Michigan in 1673, the Miami Indians controlled the area. The Pottawatomia settled in the area of the north coast and drove them out in the early 17th century. After the Treaty of Chicago dictated the whereabouts of the Potawatomi, they left the newly founded Potaws and their settlement in Skokie.
My father moved to Chicago in 1948, and we bought a house on the south side of Lake Michigan, south of the Chicago River. Our family lived in the area for the next 20 years, first in Skokie, then in Washington Park. We played football drills and games in the park, now called Gillson Park, near Washington Park on Lake Illinois, which some call Gillon Park.
Most people in Wilmette were Chicago Cubs fans, though my brothers Jim and Bill were White Sox fans for some reason. Injun Summer ran when Dad was a boy in Chicago, and he drove the family to Lincoln Park Zoo, where we would see Bushman, the gorilla, Mike, the polar bear and get a box of cracker jack with a price at the bottom. Marquette returned and noted in his diary that he had paddled south on the Chicago River sometime.
The traders were able to persuade many Indians living in the area to sign the 1829 Treaty of Prairie du Chien, in which they agreed to vacate their land. In recognition, the U.S. government awarded Ouilmette to Marquette and his wife and children, as well as to the children of his wives. LaSalle claimed for King Louis XIV a vast empire in the interior, laying the foundation for the rising American Indian nation, which would have dramatic consequences for the development of Chicago and the region. After getting the native Americans to sign a second treaty with Prairie-du-Chiens in 1829 and a third with the United States in 1830, they were awarded Ouils Mette.